I got you covered on this as well with the help of xboxdrv! Although a little late to the party the Rasbian image initially did not have the xboxdrv library like Ubuntu users were so used to. As a result Raspberry Pi users had to go through the headaches of compiling it themselves or simply find an alternative such as a genetic joystick or bluetooth based joystick control provided they have a bluetooth style receiver.
Note: This blog entry is a child blog off of the chinese xbox 360 receiver entry. If you stumbled upon this page first and have no idea what the hardware is be sure and check out that blog by clicking here.
There is no drag and drop style method for any version of linux, you’ll have to be typing some commands to get it working.